Monday, January 6, 2020

The Formation of Arab Nations - 1956 Words

The Formation of Arab Nations Much of the modern political Arab world was born at the end of World War I, as outside powers divided up their shares of territories that were loyal to their regimes. For example, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon came to exist along side the precarious state of Palestine. By World War II, these states had begun to want independence, and the following decades would witness revolution, regime change, violence, and, ultimately, a break from the grips of the Ottoman Empire and European powers (Provence). Today, the so-called â€Å"Arab Spring† uprisings, ongoing now for several years, are in part as a result of mid-20th-century political rule and administration by outside powers. In the early 20th century, the†¦show more content†¦Perhaps more importantly, Jordan’s newest residents were Palestinians who potentially had no interest in being Jordanian (Anderson). That tension exists to this day, as Jordan continues to host large numbers of Palestinians (Anderson), as well as Iraqis and Syrians looking to escape instability in those countries (IRIN). Jordan continues to serve as the place of escape for Arabs fleeing unstable places. Refugees from Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, and occasionally Egypt, live in Jordan. After the 2003 invasion of Iraq Jordan took about 100,000 Iraqis seeking temporary escape from the war in their country (IRIN). Jordan is a strong US ally and they were the second Arab state to sign a peace treaty with Israel after Egypt. This is an enormously contentious issue in Jordan where about half the residents are Palestinians who left their country between 1948 and 1967 (Anderson). When Jordan’s King Hussein signed the peace treaty it was a risky move. Jordan has no oil reserves, and the population tends to be pretty poor. Some Jordanians saw the treaty as an indication of further instability rather than development. Promises of US aid money and support helped prompt the deal, but Jordanians understand this agreement means that the US is required to continue support Jordan indefinitely (Anderson). Other Arab countries experienced upheaval as well. Iraq, for example, has political boundaries that include two different andShow MoreRelatedGrowth of Arab Nationalism1085 Words   |  5 PagesArab nationalism was a movement striving for Arab political unity in the Middle East. There was undoubtedly a huge increase in an Arab sense of nationalism between the years 1948 and 1973. One major reason for this was the creation of the State of Israel in 1948, which gave the Arab powers something to unite against, because not a single Arab nation recognised Israel as a legitimate state. 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